Laws and Rules for Sweepstakes in New York


First, it helps to understand the difference between a sweepstakes, contest and lottery. In a sweepstakes, winners are chosen randomly from all participants. In a contest, the winners’ entries are usually judged and are based on a skill or criteria. In a lottery, winners are chosen at random, but in order to enter, the participant must pay. A payment is called a consideration. Only states can hold lotteries, so all private lotteries are illegal.


To avoid being classified as an illegal lottery in any state, your promotion can only have 2 of these 3 elements: prize, chance and consideration. Keep in mind, consideration can mean anything of value, including a fee or even a significant effort (i.e., time spent shooting/submitting a photo, etc.)


Here are possible combinations:
  • Prize + consideration + chance = illegal lottery or gambling
  • Prize + consideration = legal contest (in most jurisdictions)
  • Prize + chance = legal sweepstakes

All sweepstakes in the United States must meet the following regulations:
  1. No purchase necessary. You can enter the sweepstakes without buying a product or service.
  2. Winners are required to pay taxes on prizes they win.

Sweepstakes are regulated nationally and by state by the following organizations:
  • Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  • United States Postal Service (USPS)
  • United States Department of Justice (DOJ)

State Specific Sweepstakes & Contest Laws

Besides federal considerations, every state has its own specifics laws regarding sweepstakes and contests.


New York (NY)

Like Florida, New York also requires that you bond and register any sweepstakes where the prize is worth $5,000 or more. This must be done 30 days before the start date. Winners’ names and addresses must also be provided afterwards.

Contests: are allowed as long as the sponsor awards the prize based on skill and not chance.

Sweepstakes: are allowed as long as the sponsor awards the prize based on chance.

Prize Promotion Laws- New York Prize Award Schemes

  • New York requires that all Sweepstakes offered to New York residents, whose aggregate prize values exceed $5,000 must register and bond the promotion with the New York Department of State.
  • Sweepstakes rules or abbreviated rules must be posted in any participating retail locations and included in all advertisements.
  • All sponsors must file a winner's list with the state at the conclusion of the sweepstakes.
  • Prize promotion disclosures are required for all sweepstakes, except for those offered by retail stores as long as the promotion is incidental to the retail stores business and the only requirement to receive the prize is limited to the winner traveling to the store.

Prize Promotion Laws- New York Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act.

  • If a telemarketing campaign includes a sweepstakes, the sponsor must keep records and provide disclosures directly related to the prize promotion.

New York Cannabis or Marijuana Sweepstakes or Contest Laws

  • Cannabis or any product containing cannabis, such as food or drinks are not allowed as prizes.
  • Purchases of any related products can't be required for entry.
  • Make sure that your sweepstakes is only open to entrants age 21 or older with proof of age.
  • Any ads must have a disclaimer about the state's legal age for marijuana products, if any.
  • Similar to the tobacco and vaping industries, brands cannot use any type of marketing that can be construed as trying to appeal to children (characters, mascots, games, etc.)
  • Don't advertise your brand or giveaway in public (or private) places where children may be present, including billboards, buses/vehicles, television, and radio.
  • Don't use Facebook, Google, or any other advertising or marketing channel that specifically prohibits promotions involving illegal drugs to promote your giveaway.
  • Do not allow mail-in entries as this could be considered as interstate commerce.

Legal Review Criteria: Material Element Test when assessing whether or not chance determines the outcome of a promotion.


Note: the information above is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Sweepstakes and Contest promotional laws change and the above may not reflect the must current laws.

Get advice, no strings attached. We this stuff.



Your message succesfully sent!
Opps! There is something wrong. Please try again